SSC CGL Exam Preparation
The SSC CGL exam is conducted in two stages, namely TierI, TierII. Each stage tests the candidate’s knowledge, aptitude, and skills in different ways, and the final selection is based on the candidate’s performance in all two stages. Let’s take a closer look at each stage of the SSC CGL exam:
Tier1
The first stage of the SSC CGL exam is the TierI exam, which is a computerbased test consisting of multiplechoice questions. The exam is divided into four sections, namely General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude, and English Comprehension. Each section carries 25 questions, and each question is worth two marks. The duration of the exam is 60 minutes, and there is a negative marking of 0.50 marks for each wrong answer.
SSC CGL Tier1 Exam Pattern
SSC CGL 2023 Tier1 exam will be conducted online comprising 4 sections with 100 multiple choice questions in total and with maximum marks of 200. The entire exam is needed to be completed in a time span of 60 minutes. SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam will be of qualifying nature and marks will not be counted in the final selection.
The sections asked in SSC CGL TierI Exam are:
 General Intelligence & Reasoning
 General Awareness
 Quantitative Aptitude
 English Comprehension
S.No  Sections  No. of Questions  Total Marks  Time Allotted 
1  General Intelligence and Reasoning  25  50  A cumulative time of 60 minutes

2  General Awareness  25  50  
3  Quantitative Aptitude  25  50  
4  English Comprehension  25  50  
Total  100  200 
SSC CGL Syllabus
Quantitative Aptitude of SSC CGL
 Computation of whole numbers
 Decimals
 Fractions
 Relationships between numbers
 Profit and Loss
 Discount
 Partnership Business
 Mixture and Alligation
 Time and distance
 Time & Work
 Percentage
 Ratio & Proportion
 Square roots
 Averages
 Interest
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
 Graphs of Linear Equations
 Triangle and its various kinds of centres
 Congruence and similarity of triangles
 Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles
 Triangle
 Quadrilaterals
 Regular Polygons
 Right Prism
 Right Circular Cone
 Right Circular Cylinder
 Sphere
 Heights and Distances
 Histogram
 Frequency polygon
 Bar diagram & Pie chart
 Hemispheres
 Rectangular Parallelepiped
 Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
 Trigonometric ratio
 Degree and Radian Measures
 Standard Identities
 Complementary angles
General Intelligence and Reasoning of SSC CGL
 Analogies
 Similarities and differences
 Space visualization
 Spatial orientation
 Problemsolving
 Analysis
 Judgment
 Blood Relations
 Decision making
 Visual memory
 Discrimination
 Observation
 Relationship concepts
 Arithmetical reasoning
 Figural classification
 Arithmetic number series
 Nonverbal series
 Coding and decoding
 Statement conclusion
 Syllogistic reasoning
English language of SSC CGL
 Idioms and Phrases
 One word Substitution
 Sentence Correction
 Error Spotting
 Fill in the Blanks
 Spellings Correction
 Reading Comprehension
 SynonymsAntonyms
 Active Passive
 Sentence Rearrangement
 Sentence Improvement
 Cloze test
General Awareness of SSC CGL
 India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
 Science
 Current Affairs
 Books and authors
 Sports
 Important Schemes
 Important Days
 Portfolio
 People in News
 Static GK
Tire2
The second stage of the SSC CGL exam is the TierII exam, which is also a computerbased test. The TierII exam comprises three Sections namely Quantitative Aptitude, English Comprehension, and General Computer. The first paper is mandatory for all candidates, while the other two papers are only for candidates who have applied for specific posts. Exam Duration
Paper 1 2 hours 30 minutes
Paper 2 – 120 minutes
Paper 3 – 120 minutes…
There is a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer in the Quantitative Aptitude and English Comprehension papers, while the negative marking for the Statistics and General Studies papers is 0.50 marks for each wrong answer.
In conclusion, the SSC CGL exam is a highly competitive exam that requires dedicated preparation and consistent effort. Candidates should be wellversed in the exam pattern, syllabus, and current affairs to crack the exam with a good score. It is essential to study and practice regularly, solve previous years’ question papers, and take mock tests to gauge one’s preparation level. With the right strategy and approach, cracking the SSC CGL exam is not impossible.
SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Pattern
PaperI will be conducted in two sessions – Session I & Session II, on the same day and is compulsory for all candidates who qualify in Paper 1. SessionI will include conducting SectionI, SectionII and ModuleI of SectionIII. Session II will include conducting Module II of Section III. It will be mandatory for the candidates to qualify for all the sections of PaperI.
SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 1  
Sections  Module  Subject  No. of Questions  Marks  Weightage 
Section I  ModuleI  Mathematical Abilities  30  60*3 = 180  23% 
ModuleII  Reasoning and General Intelligence  30  23%  
Section II  ModuleI  English Language and Comprehension  45  70*3 = 210  35% 
ModuleII  General Awareness  25  19%  
Section III  ModuleI  Computer Knowledge Test  20  20*3 = 60  Qualifying 
ModuleII  Data Entry Speed Test  One Data Entry Task  Qualifying  
SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 2 & 3  
Paper  Section  No. of question  Maximum Marks  Duration  
Paper II  Statistics  100  200  2 hours  
Paper III  General Studies (Finance and Economics)  100  200  2 hours 
ModuleI of SessionI of PaperI
Mathematical Abilities
 Number Systems
 Fundamental arithmetical operations
 Algebra
 Geometry
 Mensuration
 Trigonometry
 Statistics and probability
Number Systems
 Computation of Whole Number
 Decimal and Fractions
 Relationship between numbers
Fundamental arithmetical operations
 Percentages
 Ratio and Proportion
 Square roots
 Averages
 Interest (Simple and Compound)
 Profit and Loss
 Discount
 Partnership Business
 Mixture and Alligation
 Time and distance
 Time and work
Algebra
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems)
 Graphs of Linear Equations
Geometry
 Similarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres
 Congruence and similarity of triangles
 Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles
Mensuration
 Triangle
 Quadrilaterals
 Regular Polygons
 Circle
 Right Prism
 Right Circular Cone
 Right Circular Cylinder
 Sphere
 Hemispheres
 Rectangular Parallelepiped
 Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base.
Trigonometry
 Trigonometry
 Trigonometric ratios
 Complementary angles
 Height and distances (simple problems only)
 Standard Identities
Statistics and probability
 Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bardiagram, Piechart
 Measures of central tendency: mean, median, mode, standard deviation
 Calculation of simple probabilities
ModuleII of SectionI of PaperI
Reasoning and General Intelligence
 Semantic Analogy
 Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends
 Figural Analogy
 Space Orientation
 Semantic Classification
 Venn Diagrams
 Symbolic/ Number
 Classification
 Drawing inferences
 Figural Classification
 Punched hole/ patternfolding & unfolding
 Semantic Series
 Figural Patternfolding and completion
 Number Series
 Embedded figures
 Figural Series
 Critical Thinking
 ProblemSolving
 Emotional Intelligence
 Word Building
 Social Intelligence
 Coding and decoding
 Numerical operations
 Other subtopics, if any.
ModuleI of SectionII of PaperI
English Language And Comprehension
 Vocabulary
 English Grammar
 Sentence structure
 Spot the Error
 Fill in the Blanks,
 Synonyms/Homonyms
 Antonyms
 Spellings/ Detecting misspelt words
 Idioms & Phrases
 one word substitution
 Improvement of Sentences,
 Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs
 Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration
 Shuffling of Sentence parts
 Shuffling of Sentences in a passage,
 Cloze Passage
 Comprehension Passage To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial
ModuleII of SectionII of PaperI
General Awareness
 India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
 Science
 Current Affairs
 Books and Authors
 Sports
 Important Schemes
 Portfolio
 People in News
ModuleI of SectionIII of PaperI
Computer Proficiency
 Computer Basics
 Software
 Working with the Internet and emails
 Basics of networking and cyber security
Computer Basics
 Organization of a computer
 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
 Input/ output devices
 Computer memory
 Memory organization
 Backup devices
 PORTs
 Windows Explorer
 Keyboard shortcuts
Software
 Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc
Working with the Internet and emails
 Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an Email Account, eBanking
Basics of networking and cyber security
 Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures
SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus Paper 2
Statistics
 Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data
 Measures of Central Tendency
 Measures of Dispersion Common measures of Dispersion
 Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis
 Correlation and Regression
 Probability Theory
 Random Variable and Probability Distributions
 Sampling Theory
 Statistical Inference
 Analysis of Variance
 Time Series Analysis
 Index Numbers
Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data
 Primary and Secondary data
 Methods of data collection
 Tabulation of data
 Graphs and charts
 Frequency distributions
 Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
Measures of Central Tendency
 Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode
 Partition values quartiles
 deciles
 percentiles.
Measures of Dispersion Common measures of Dispersion
 range
 quartile deviations
 mean deviation and standard deviation
 Measures of relative dispersion.
Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis
 Different types of moments and their relationship
 the meaning of skewness and kurtosis
 different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
Correlation and Regression
 Scatter diagram
 simple correlation coefficient
 simple regression lines
 Spearman‟s rank correlation
 Measures of association of attributes
 Multiple regression
 Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only)
Probability Theory
 Meaning of probability
 Different definitions of probability
 Conditional probability
 Compound probability
 Independent events
 Bayes‟ theorem.
Random Variable and Probability Distributions
 Random variable
 Probability functions
 Expectation and Variance of a random variable
 Higher moments of a random variable
 Binomial
 Poisson
 Normal and Exponential distributions
 Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
Sampling Theory
 Concept of population and sample
 Parameter and statistic
 Sampling and nonsampling errors
 Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling
 stratified sampling
 multistage sampling
 multiphase sampling
 cluster sampling
 systematic sampling
 purposive sampling
 convenience sampling and quota sampling)
 Sampling distribution(statement only)
 Sample size decisions.
Statistical Inference
 Point estimation and interval estimation
 Properties of a good estimator
 Methods of estimation Moments method
 Maximum likelihood method
 Least squares method Testing of hypothesis Basic concept of testing
 Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chisquare and F statistic
 Confidence intervals.
Analysis of Variance
 Analysis of oneway classified data and twoway classified data.
Time Series Analysis
 Components of time series
 Determination of trend component by different methods
 Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
Index Numbers
 Meaning of Index Numbers
 Problems in the construction of index numbers
 Types of index number
 Different formulae
 Base shifting and splicing of index numbers
 Cost of living Index Numbers Uses of Index Numbers.
SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus Paper 3
 Part A: Finance and Accounts
 Part B: Economics and Governance
General StudiesFinance and Economics
 Financial Accounting
 Basic concepts of accounting
Financial Accounting
 Nature and scope
 Limitations of Financial Accounting
 Basic concepts and Conventions
 Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Basic concepts of accounting
 Single and double entry
 Books of Original Entry
 Bank Reconciliation
 Journal, ledgers
 Trial Balance
 Rectification of Errors
 Manufacturing
 Trading
 Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts
 Balance Sheet
 Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure
 Depreciation Accounting
 Valuation of Inventories
 Nonprofit organisations Accounts
 Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts
 Bills of Exchange
 Self Balancing Ledgers
Part B: Economics and Governance
 Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
 Finance CommissionRole and functions
Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics
 Definition
 Scope and nature of Economics
 Methods of economic study
 Central problems of an economy
 Production possibilities curve
Theory of Demand and Supply
 Meaning and determinants of demand
 Law of demand and Elasticity of demand
 Price
 Income and cross elasticity
 Theory of consumer‟s behaviour
 Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
 Meaning and determinants of supply
 Law of supply
 The elasticity of Supply
Theory of Production and cost
 Meaning and Factors of production
 Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
Forms of Market and price determination in different markets
 Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition
 Monopoly
 Monopolistic Competition
 Oligopoly
 Price determination in these markets.
Indian Economy
 Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth.
 National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
 PopulationIts size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
 Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
 InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation, Communication.
Economic Reforms in India
 Economic reforms since 1991
 Liberalisation
 Privatisation
 Globalisation
 Disinvestment
Money and Banking
 Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
 Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
 Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.
Role of Information Technology in Governance
Eligibility Criteria: The eligibility criteria for the SSC CGL exam are as follows:
 The candidate must be a citizen of India.
 The candidate should have a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university.
 The minimum age limit for the exam is 18 years, and the maximum age limit varies based on the post applied for.
Application Process:
The application process for the SSC CGL exam is online, and candidates can apply on the official website of the SSC. The application fee for the exam is Rs. 100, which can be paid online or offline.
Exam Dates:
The SSC CGL exam is conducted once a year, and the dates for the exam are announced on the official website of the SSC. The exam is usually conducted in the months of May to August, and the exact dates vary every year.
Job Profiles:
The SSC CGL exam is conducted to recruit candidates for various Group B and Group C posts in various government departments and ministries. Some of the popular job profiles for which the exam is conducted are Assistant Audit Officer, Income Tax Inspector, Inspector (Central Excise), Inspector (Preventive Officer), and SubInspector (CBI).
Salary:
The salary for the posts recruited through the SSC CGL exam varies based on the post and department. The starting salary for most posts ranges from Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 50,000, and it increases with experience and promotions.
In conclusion, the SSC CGL exam is a prestigious exam that provides an excellent opportunity for candidates to work in various government departments and ministries. Candidates should prepare well and stay updated with the latest exam pattern and syllabus to crack the exam with a good score. With hard work and determination, candidates can fulfill their dream of working in the government sector.
Know more by visiting the official website of SSC